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Thread: The Holy Valley Of Qadicha

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    Default The Holy Valley Of Qadicha







    Qadisha, one of the deepest and most beautiful valleys in Lebanon, is indeed a world a part. At the bottom of this wild steep-sided gorge runs the Qadisha River whose source is in the Qadisha Grotto at the foot of the Cedars. And above the famous Cedar grove stands Qornet el Sawda, Lebanon's highest peak.
    The word Qadisha comes from a Semitic root meaning "holy" and Wadi Qadisha is the "Holy Valley." Filled with caves and rock shelters inhabited from the third millennium B.C. to the Roman period, the valley is scattered with cave chapels, hermitages and monasteries cut from rock. Since the Early Middle Ages generations of monks , hermits, ascetics and anchorites found asylum here. Even Moslem Soufis were found in this valley.

    At the town of Tourza the valley divides into two branches, each named for a monastery there: Wadi Qannoubin leading to the Cedars. A path goes along the bottom of the valley through an area called "Bain an-Nahrain" (Between the Two Rivers) where Wadi Qannoubin meets Wadi Qadisha. From here trails lead to the various sites.

    The Qadisha Valley area is surrounded by many important sites and villages like:
    Bqaa Kafra highest village of Lebanon (1750 m), Qornet Es Sawda; the highest peak in Lebanon (3088 m), Hasroun; one of the last villages in Lebanon to preserve its traditional red-roofed houses; Qadisha grotto located between Bsharreh and the Cedars;
    Deir Mar Elishaa (Monastery of St. Elieus); Deir Qannoubin built into the rock, Deir Mar Antonios Qozhaya (Monastery of St. Anthony Qozhaya), Our Lady of Hawqa's chapel, etc... and the nice village of Ehden
    Magharet Qadisha was discovered by the priest John Jacob, a monk of Monastry of St. Joseph, in 1923. He was looking for the sources of Qadisha river. He followed the river up to the spring and entered the cave, but he soon ended his first cave exploration because of the low temperature in the cave. He repeated his exploration tour soon after with warmer clothes and discovered the cave.
    But although he told about his discovery and the inhabitants of Bsharre knew about the cave, it took until after his death to make another exploration. Later the cave was well developed and has now easy paths and electric light.
    The cave is the spring of Qadisha river, which means it is a river cave.
    Qadisha cave is beautiful, but small. Unlike Jeita it is rarely mentioned in guidebooks and so there are very little visitors. But it is not the only cave in Ouadi Qadisha, there are numerous caves which were used over centuries for cave churches and monasteries. The cave churches of Mar Sarkis, Mar Bohana and Mart Shmouna show 13th century paintings. The whole valley with its cave churches is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
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    The holy valley belongs to the world heritage and it was registered at the UNESCO as a part of this heritage in 1998!


    Lebanon
    Date of Inscription:
    1998
    Criteria:
    (iii)(iv)
    Qadisha Valley, Becharre District, Governorate of North Lebanon
    N34 14 35.988 E36 2 56.004
    Ref:
    850

    Brief Description


    The Qadisha valley is one of the most important early Christian monastic settlements in the world. Its monasteries, many of which are of a great age, stand in dramatic positions in a rugged landscape. Nearby are the remains of the great forest of cedars of Lebanon, highly prized in antiquity for the construction of great religious buildings.


    Ouadi Qadisha ou Vallée sainte et forêt des cèdres de Dieu (Horsh Arz el-Rab)

    La vallée de la Qadisha est l'un des plus importants sites d'établissement chrétien au monde, et ses monastères, souvent très anciens, s'inscrivent dans un extraordinaire paysage accidenté. On trouve non loin de là les vestiges de la grande forêt de cèdres du Liban, très prisés jadis pour la construction de grands édifices religieux.

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    ? ?? ? ? ? ? ?? . ? ? ? ?? ??. ? ?? ? ? ?? ?? ? ? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ?.
    Source: UNESCO/BPI


    Valle Santo (Uadi Qadisha) y Bosque de los cedros de Dios (Horsh Arz Al Rab)

    El Valle de Qadisha fue el escenario de uno de los primeros y más importantes asentamientos monásticos cristianos del mundo. Sus monasterios –antiquísimos en gran parte– se yerguen espectaculares en medio de un paisaje accidentado. En sus cercanías se encuentran los vestigios del gran bosque de cedros del Líbano, sumamente apreciados en la Antigüedad para la construcción de grandes edificios religiosos.
    Source: UNESCO/BPI



    Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)

    Justification for Inscription


    Criterion iii:
    The Qadisha Valley has been the site of monastic communities continuously since the earliest years of Christianity. The trees in the Cedar Forest are survivors of a sacred forest and of one of the most highly prized building materials of the ancient world. Criterion iv: The monasteries of the Qadisha Valley are the most significant surviving examples of this fundamental demonstration of Christian faith.
    Last edited by SONYAh!; 29-03-2010 at 10:35 PM.
    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
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    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
    within you is still worm. Once you were apes, yet even now man is more

    of an ape than any of the apes"- Nietzche

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    Last edited by SONYAh!; 29-03-2010 at 10:55 PM.
    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
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    of an ape than any of the apes"- Nietzche

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    Quote Originally Posted by SONYAh! View Post


    [FONT=Verdana][COLOR=Navy]The word Qadisha comes from a Semitic root meaning \\"holy\\" ]
    wallow ya Sonya, this is ma7at syriac word just being pedantic

    qadisha in west syriac and qadisho in east syriac

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    Quote Originally Posted by shreek View Post
    wallow ya Sonya, this is ma7at syriac word just being pedantic

    qadisha in west syriac and qadisho in east syriac
    Lol shreek, it was not me who wrote the article but you're right, I should have paid attention to the details a little bit more. Saying that the word is Semitic is unarguably too broad even though the Syriac language belongs to the Semitic group. Thanks for the correction
    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
    within you is still worm. Once you were apes, yet even now man is more

    of an ape than any of the apes"- Nietzche

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    well i was just in lebanon last month, i got to go to the monastery for the first time. since it was the winter, nobody else was there. truly a beautiful place, wouldn't mind spending a week to get away from the entire world in that area. so different then elsewhere in beirut, like lebanon. so peaceful, loved the waterfall off the mountain, took the little 15 minute walk from the hilly road to the monastery where it shows the path of jesus (cross's path...) went into that little church, amazing. looks nice in the snow the road was a bit icy, the guy driving was scared it was going to snow and we were going to get stuck lol, though he said it was his favorite place in lebanon so he didn't mind spending the night there.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Kanaan View Post
    well i was just in lebanon last month, i got to go to the monastery for the first time. since it was the winter, nobody else was there. truly a beautiful place, wouldn't mind spending a week to get away from the entire world in that area. so different then elsewhere in beirut, like lebanon. so peaceful, loved the waterfall off the mountain, took the little 15 minute walk from the hilly road to the monastery where it shows the path of jesus (cross's path...) went into that little church, amazing. looks nice in the snow the road was a bit icy, the guy driving was scared it was going to snow and we were going to get stuck lol, though he said it was his favorite place in lebanon so he didn't mind spending the night there.
    I have never been there during the winter but it seems that it is better than during the summer. This place is serene and you sort of feel the divine effect of nature over there. Hope you had a good time!
    "You have evolved from worm to man, but much
    within you is still worm. Once you were apes, yet even now man is more

    of an ape than any of the apes"- Nietzche

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    Quote Originally Posted by SONYAh! View Post
    I have never been there during the winter but it seems that it is better than during the summer. This place is serene and you sort of feel the divine effect of nature over there. Hope you had a good time!
    you are very right... while i was there late december, it was mucky and slushy from the snow.

    the little resto was closed, nobody else was there but me. would have liked to do some more trail walking, but the weather was not good.

    hopefully i can go back and see it in the summer... also went to the patriarch summer residence

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